Urine toxicology does more than provide useful results, it can also protect your medical or clinical practice from legal action. We provide comprehensive urine toxicology services you can use for many reasons, including carefully monitoring of patients who are prescribed opiate (narcotic) pain medications. If you don’t have the resources to provide such services, our trained technicians can meet your testing demands quickly and accurately.
Reasons for Urine Toxicology
There are many potential reasons why a medical professional may order a urine drug screen (UDS) for a patient. A primary care physician (PCP) may order a UDT if it’s suspected that a patient may have a substance abuse problem. An emergency room doctor may order a UDT if a patient is acting erratically. Drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers may require participants in inpatient or outpatient programs to have periodic tests. Additional reasons could include:
- Monitoring a patient’s medication adherence
- Screening for possible drug interactions
- Patients coming to their doctor for a routine employment-related urine screen
Types of Urine Toxicology
There are two types of urine toxicology. An immunoassay provides faster results, although it doesn’t detect all opiates. Immunoassays identify how drugs are interacting with the immune system. A predetermined cutoff point is used to determine whether a sample is positive or negative. A gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is another type of urine test that can be done to confirm results of an initial test. Follow-up testing is usually recommended when a positive result comes back to confirm the results since there are times when a false positive is produced.
Preparing for a Urine Toxicology
The sample is collected in a specimen cup. Typically, about 45 milliliters (1.52 ounces) is needed to perform a urine test. The sample will be sealed and tested. It’s up to the physician requesting the test to interpret the results. However, patients can minimize the risk of any potential issues with testing by:
- Letting their doctor know about any over-the-counter opiates they may be taking
- Listing any medications they may be taking for legitimate reasons, especially opiate drugs and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Disclosing any herbal supplements or vitamins being taken to avoid false positives that sometimes result from some of the ingredients
Comprehensive Urine Toxicology
Doctors have the opportunity to select individual tests in order to get the results needed to make important patient-care decisions. We use LC-MS/MS technology to ensure the accuracy of our urine screens. We test for more than 95 parent drugs and metabolites, including prescription drugs and illegal substances. Drugs typically screened for during a UDT include:
- Cocaine and PCP
Urine toxicology is a cost-effective service that also to provide better patient care by identifying potential signs of misuse or addiction sooner rather than later. Our tests are conducted on-site at our lab and the results are usually available within an hour. Reports can be conveniently viewed online.